The selection process, attribute and duties of the Head of Islamic State: A research study in the context of AlMawardi’s thoughts
اسلامی ریاست میں سربراہ مملکت کا طریقہ انتخاب ،اوصاف اور فرائض الماوردی کے افکار کے تناظر میں :ایک تحقیقی جائزہ
There is consensus among Muslim Ummah and Imams that, for an Islamic state, selection of the head of state is the most important and compulsory. Selection of leader would be such as who is pious, virtuous, scholar of Shariah, honest, wise and courageous so that the management/ administration of the state may be carried out justifiably. In Ahle Sunnah, it is obligatory for the noble creature of Almighty Allah to select leader (Imam) for themselves, otherwise all of them would be considered as sinners. The best way for the selection of Imam is “Khulafa-eRashideen”, in the light of which Muslim Ummah can choose Imam. The first and uttermost obligation of the elected Imam is to abide by religion. Beside other duties of Imam, include protection of the state, establishment of Shariah limits, propagation of Islamic mission and leading the Islamic state. In this research paper we are discussing Al-Mawardi’s concepts for the selection process, attribute and duties of the head of Islamic state.