Muslim intellectual life in Eighth Century Baghdad: An insight of literature and poetry

  • Amt-ul-Rafi Muhammad Bashir


The second Abbasid caliph, Abu Ja‟far al-Mansur, who is deemed one of the most significant caliphs of the Abbasid dynasty, created the city of Baghdad in a bid to create a capital for his dynasty that would give rise to a culture that surpassed in its intellectual and cultural prowess the Umayyads before it. It was this fixation of al-Mansur that led to his gathering the best litterateurs of his era around him in the newly constructed Baghdadi royal court. al-Mansur‟s city thrived after his death and became a cultural center of the world, giving birth to some of the greatest literary works of all time. This work is an effort to study briefly the formative eras of the stream of Arabic literature that was born in the Baghdadi courts & streets – namely, from the year 763 C.E. (which was when the royal court was first held in the newborn city) till the end of the eighth century; the work begins with a brief look into the building of Baghdad as well as the caliphs who ruled it in this century, then the writer has discussed the elements that influenced the literature produced by the Baghdadi intellectuals in this era, before moving towards the two distinctive streams of poetry and prose along with a concise examination of the prominent poets and writers of Baghdad from the eighth century, and some important literary works (prosaic) produced in the city or that reached the city during this time. The work is concluded with a brief commentary upon the impact of the Baghdadi caliphs upon the literature produced under their patronage

How to Cite
, A.- ul-R. M. B. (2021). Muslim intellectual life in Eighth Century Baghdad: An insight of literature and poetry. Islamic Sciences, 3(1).