MULTICULTURALISM AND SOCIAL INCLUSION IN MEDIEVAL ARAB-MUSLIM CULTURE
Keywords:Coexistence , Multiculturalism, racism, community inclusion, the Arab pagans (mushrikun)
Arabia of Middle ages harbored diversity and hosted various religions such as Judaism and Christianity, the Prophet (PBUH) tried to establish harmonious relations with them to ensure peace and was able to unite them in a single mosaic. Many of the Prophet’s (PBUH) companions who were settled in Medina had different geographical, racial and religious backgrounds. He (PBUH) made people feel comfortable with a welcoming behavior, and it was a privilege to be minority and weak.Diplomatic emissaries were also well received by the Prophet in Medina. The State of Medina became a training venue for specializing in different languages including Hebrew, Persian, etc. leading to strengthened ties with people of other cultures. Racism means excluding people because of color,is there racism in Islam? Islamic tradition is more tolerant of race and its commitments stress on racial equity.This work discusses that to what extent did openness towards other cultures and civilizations exist in the early Muslim community? How can Seerah heritage enable Muslims (locally and globally) to confront the historic and contemporary challenges whose impacts are still being felt to this day as (dis) integration in modern societies?