DELEGATION OF THE RIGHT OF DIVORCE AND ITS REVOCATION IN ISLAMIC AND PAKISTANI LAW: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Delegation of divorce and its revocation is an important issue in the discipline of Muslim family law, which especially highlighted by Muslim scholars in Pakistan after the legislation of Muslim Family Law Ordinance 1961 in this regard. Actually, the legality of the issue in the classical Muslim jurisprudence is not questionable due to its institution by the legal texts of the Holy Quran and Sunnah. But the Muslim scholars distinguish between pre- and post-contract delegation of right of divorce to the wife. As for as concerned the Pakistani Muslim family Law ordinance 1961, which legalized that right to divorce may be delegated to wife at all. We have tried to study in this article the real status of the issue in the light of Quran and Sunnah and opinions of the early Muslim Jurists in this regard. This study is based on the comparison between the practically applied law in Pakistan and legitimate position of the said case in Islamic Law.
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. sūraẗ al-ʾaḥzāb, 28
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Al-jāmʿ ul ṣaḥīḥ, al-bukẖārī,Muḥammad bin ismāʿīl, bāb al-ʿrafẗ wālʿlīẗ al-mušhrafẗ, vol, 2, p, 1103, Hadith no, 2468
al-mūaṭʾa, al-ʾaṣbaḥī, mālik bin anas , vol, 4, p, 794, Hadith No, 2034
tuḥfaẗ ul-fuqhāʾ, al-samarqandī, , muḥammad bin aḥmad (Beirut: Dar ul Kutub Al-Ilmiah, 1424 AH) vol, 2, p190, Edit: 2nd
Ibid, vol 2, P, 188
Al-Muheet Al-Burhani fil Fiqh e Numani, Mahmood bin Ahmad Al-Bukhari, vol, 3, P, 240
Iršhād ul-sālik ili ašhraf al-msālik fī fiqh Al-Imām Mālik,abd ul-raḥman bin Muḥammad (Egypt: maṭbaʿẗ muṣṭafa al-bābī al-ḥalbī, without date of publishing and edit) vol, 1, P, 69
Al-tāj wālʾaklīl li Mukẖtaṣar kẖalīl,ālġharnāṭī,Muḥammad bin Yousuf, (Beirut: Dar ul Kutub Al-Ilmiah, 1416 AH) Vol, 5, P, 387, Edit, 1.
Al-Majmūʿ šharḥ ul-muhaḏb,ālnawuī, Yahya bin Sharf ( Dar ul Fikr, without date and edit) Vol, 17, P, 93
al-kāfī fī fqh al-imām aḥmad, ibn qudāmẗ (Al-Riyad: Maktbat ur Riyad Al Hadithat, 1400 AH) Vol, 3, P, 118, 2nd edit.
Al-muḥala, ibn ḥazm, ʿli bn aḥmd (Dar ul fikr, without date and edit) Vol, 9, P, 519
Sunan al-tirmḏī, Muḥammad bin ʿīsa al-tirmiḏī, Vol, 3, P, 28 Hadith No, 1352, and he declared it as authentic narration, but Imam Zahbi stated that, it is not considerable, while Imam Hakim has narrated it in his book “ Al Mustadrak”.
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Ibid: vol 34, P, 91
Al-baḥr ur-rāʾiq šharḥ kanz ul-daqāʾiq, ibn nujaīm, (dār ul kitāb al-islāmī ) vol, 3, P, 269
Muslim family law ordinance 1961 section 8
Dr. Qambar Murtaza bokhar VS Mst Zainab Bashir (PLD 1995 Lahore 187)
Mehnaz Mehboob VS Ishtiaq ur Rashid and another ( 2006 YLR 335)
Sajid Hussain Tanoli VS Nadia Khattak ( 2013 CLC 1625)
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